The CSB (Amendment) Act, Rules and Regulations have been notified by the Govt. From: Encyclopedia of Insects (Second Edition), 2009 To pursue a Master's degree, one must complete graduation in the same or related fields of agriculture or sericulture. Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk.Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, Bombyx mori (the caterpillar of the domestic silkmoth) is the most widely used and intensively studied silkworm. The advantages are: 1. In fact, Andhra Pradesh did not have sericulture worth the name till 1976-77, but it has shown consistent and rapid progress during the past two decades. More than 60 percent of people engaged in own activities in sericulture.  Sericulture, or silk farming, is the rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk. High Employment Potential 2. Wastes from silk worm rearing can be recycled for mulberry garden preparation as manures. 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Additional Director of Sericulture, (H.Q) , Directorate of Sericulture, Reshom Nagar, Khanapara, Guwahati-22 Shri BirenCh Saikia 9435194219 2 Additional Director of Sericulture Office of the Additional Director, Sericulture, BTC 3 The book addresses the importance of school gardening and agriculture education to community life. Farming supplies a civilization with the food needed to nourish its population and allow it to continue thriving. It is also used as the main component for making candles, preparing polishes for the shoe, furniture, etc. Language in India www.languageinindia.com ISSN 1930-2940 14:9 September 2014 Sericulture – An Ideal Enterprise for Sustainable Income in Erode District of Tamil Nadu337 N=11 x=278450.25 Y=68187.88 The above table 1 analyses the growth rate of area under mulberry and cocoon  Amongst species of silkworms, Bombix mori is the most widely used. Sericulture has become an important cottage industries in countries such as Brazil, China, France, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, and Russia. The rest of the States and centrally administered territories in the country have rich potential for the development of mulberry sericulture. This crippled the industry seriously and necessitated tariff protection. Sericulture is one of the most labour intensive sector, combining activities of both agriculture and industry .So it is immensely helpful in developing rural economy. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture provides international coverage of advances in the development and application of computer hardware, software, electronic instrumentation, and control systems for solving problems in Sericulture provides employment to many and is a women-friendly occupation. With other plantations like flower, vegetables, mulberry can be cultivated as intercrop, thus same land can be used for various productions. can also be used for the deep-rooted mulberry plants. Only sericul­ture can generate vast employment. Illinois State University. But the industry received set-back during the fourth quarter of the nineteenth century. May 31, 2016. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal have been able to achieve impressive progress because of the application of improved technologies of silk-worm rearing, new varieties of mulberry and its propagation-techniques and high yielding silk-worm-breeds evolved by the research institutions in the country. Sericulture offers career opportunity in Govt. 17 4. But there have been references to the use of silk in our epics pointing out to its existence in our country even some 2000 years before Christian era. Of the households that were engaged in agricultural production, 50,6% cultivated grains, and 53,3% grew fruit and vegetables. Agriculture is known as the backbone of the developing countries. Moreover, vast areas of tasar food plantation are available in different forests of India; if judici­ously exploited for rearing tasar silkworm, these can offer a great supplementary employment to tribal Indians. The sericulture-industry in India in the past had to suffer on account of foreign invasion and also lack of official patronage. 30,000/acre/ annum. Mulberry takes only 6 months to grow for commencement of silkworm rearing mulberry once planted will go on supporting silkworm rearing year after year for 15- 20 years depending on management provided. Sericulture sector is a eco- friendly activity because as a perennial crop with good foliage mulberry contributes to soil conservation and provides greenery.  Silk is known as the queen of textile and “BIOSTEEL” because of its strength. Sericulture and Weaving in Meghalaya are the two most important cottage based, eco-friendly industries in the rural areas. Sericulture scheme is implemented by Rural Development Department. In India, it has been found that over 60% of sericulture employees constitutes the women folk. Privacy Policy3. To pursue this one needs to have a background in science.There are two types of degree, B.Sc. No other industry generates this kind of employment. Sericultureis a non traditional activity in Kerala promoted by the Central and State governments. Women-friendly Occupation 5. The production of silk generally involves two processes: The silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing and surrounding itself with a long, constitute the major items of exports of countries that rely on agriculture. Sericulture is included as agriculture allied activity under RKVY. The only effective competitor to India is China. The industry was left to itself and also had to suffer the consequences of unregulated imports of raw silk and export of silk-waste which together affected its development adversely. Sericulture is included as agriculture allied activity under RKVY. Agriculture plays a pivotal role in the growth of any state.The primary sector of an economy comprises agricultural and other activities and contributes a significant amount to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The agricultural sector initially derived from increase production of livestock, fisheries and other miscellaneous crops. Low Gestation, High Returns 4. 1.2). Development programmes initiated for Mulberry plantation are mainly in upland areas where un-used cultivable land is made productive. This eating of insects is called entomophagy. The main objectives of the project in the State were to increase the production of raw silk by bringing an additional irrigated area in the new districts, to provide employment mainly to weaker sections of the people, to strengthen research capability for evolving new races of silk-worms and strains of mulberry and to strengthen the arrangements for producing breeders. The sericulture industry particularly in the developing countries having potential for sericulture has been receiving considerable attention from international organisations like FAO, the World Bank etc. The Panel drew up a Five Year Plan as a part of the perspective of 15 years and it also suggested the setting up of a Central Silk Board for the co-ordinated development of the industry. 15,000 (excluding cost of land and rearing space) for mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing in one acre of irrigated land can generate net income levels up to Rs. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) shows an important role in the sustainable agriculture industry. Provides Vibrancy to Rural Economy 3. How is IoT changing agriculture? Financial aid was given by the government to implement several expansion schemes for sericulture development. China, South Korea and Brazil enjoy sizeable marketable surplus. Sericulture activities enable the low income rural people as can reach higher income groups. Agriculture is not limited to the crops a farmer can also do other activities like beekeeping, sericulture, dairy, poultry, and other activities. Exciting research in plant and animal sciences is in progress. Investment of only Rs. This specialized agricultural industry is also focused on the income and lives of rural women. Sericulture, the production of raw silk by means of raising caterpillars (larvae), particularly those of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). Author has 151 answers and 159.5K answer views. It is important to improve agriculture sector because it create job opportunities for its citizens. Importance of Insects can be read like those for man, agriculture, and even the environment. of India to bring quality standards in silkworm seed production. The increasing demand for crop production with a significant reduction of synthetic chemical fertilizers and pesticides use is The services rendered by the silk-industry were well recognised by the Central Government. Low land holders even can start seri­culture. Application of nanotechnology in agriculture 1. A Silk Panel was also set-up to study the developmental requirements of the entire silk-industry and to make suitable recommendations. Being perennial plant with green foliage, mulberry contributes to soil preservation and provides vast green covers. Of these, a sizeable number of laborers belong to the economically weaker sections of society, including women. Many insects are consumed as food by humans. Sericulture is a non traditional activity in Kerala promoted by the Central and State governments. Also discuss the role of SHG (Self help groups) movement in India’s micro finance sector. To bring up the quality standards of silkworm production, the government created the CSB Amendment act and amended the rules and regulations. Relationship of agriculture in the food supply These days, agriculture is the primary source of food items that are delivered or used across the country. Imports of raw silk from China and Japan were stopped and the “Allies” had to depend only on India for the supply of raw silk for war purposes. Horticulture is the name of a field within agriculture. Out of the 6 In remote rural areas, farmers are supplied with pamphlets or other essential details of methods of rearing, use of bed disinfectants, insecticides, etc. It may have other meanings or aspects in other places, but in the US, horticulture deals with plants on a small scale, and agriculture deals with plants on a large scale. India ranked second major raw silk r in the world .Silk is a high value but low volume product accounting for only 0.2% of worlds total textile production. Overall, the future of agriculture is bright.  Today, China and India are the two main producers, with more than 60% of the world's annual production. In the context of the ever increasing global demand for silk and the changing fortunes of the sericulture countries, especially the withdrawal of Japan from the scene of international trade, India has a very large untapped potential for the expansion of her sericulture-industry. Muga production is the prerogative of India and the pride of Assam state. 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