When Prince Wilhelm of Sweden visited Antigua Guatemala and Ciudad de Guatemala in 1920, there were still large amounts of ruins left, and the reports from his journey describes thick clouds of whirling dust making people ill. Only one in every three houses was occupied; the others were just ruins. Against strong opposition of archbishop For two months, the newspaper “Diario de Centro América” issued two papers a day detailing the damage, which was pretty impressive since the printing press itself was affected by the shakes and surrounded by rubble. A major fault zone known as the Motagua & Chixoy-Polochic fault complex cuts across Guatemala to form the tectonic boundary between the North American plate and the Caribbean plate. 1773 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1773rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 773rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 73rd year of the 18th century, and the 4th year of the 1770s decade. The colonial town of Antigua, Guatemala is full of churches and convents, many of which were destroyed by earthquakes and now lie in ruins. The numerous aftershocks were also a problem. This earthquake took place on 29 September local time and caused widespread destruction in the colonial capital of Central America, the city we today know as Antigua Guatemala (old Guatemala). Antigua Guatemala’s go-to resource in English for everything about Guatemalan culture and traditions. He had been the president of Guatemala since 1898, and was overthrown on 14 April 1920. After being destroyed by a series of earthquakes in 1773, the city was abandoned in favor of what is now Guatemala City, although not everyone left. As the quake subsided, leaving approximately 600 people dead and buildings reduced to rubble, an unexpected sound arose—the sound of those who had survived the disaster, singing. After the Santa Marta earthquakes in 1773 and against strong opposition from the archbishop and the regular clergy, the capital was moved from Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala to a new location, known as Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción. Behind it … In 1773 a catastrophic earthquake destroyed the city and 3 years later the King of Spain allowed the capital to be moved to the safer ground at Guatemala City. The estimated magnitude was within the span 7.50-7.75 Mw and the maximum intensity in the epcientrical area was IX (violent) on the Mercalli scale. Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Washington warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to estimated 14000 ft (4300 m) altitude or flight level 140 . Check out the All the Archives first or do a search! The intensity is believed to have been VII (very strong) or VIII (severe) on the Mercalli scale. The number of casualties has been stated as anywhere from 800 to 2,000. In Tecpán Guatemala, over 60% of the buildings became unhabitable. Later earthquakes meant that after the 1773 earthquake the town had been moved three times. It was subsequently prolonged to 25 July, 2013. Instead of reaching the population, however, they were confiscated by the the president and his cronies. A majority of those moved to the new city, and it would take until the 1990s before Antigua Guatemala had grown to inhabit even 30,000 people again. This is the newer Antigua Guatemala Cathedral. The magnitude of this earthquake was 7.5 Mw, the depth approximately 25 km and the maximal intensity VIII (severe) on the Mercalli scale. To prevent outbreaks of disease, city authorities burned the unearthed bodies in a massive bonfire. While earthquake was strong enough to be felt in neighboring El Salvador and parts of Mexico, it did not cause any damage there. The Santa Marta earthquakes destroyed the city in 1773. Reports from 1920 also show that many (empty) tombs in Ciudad de Guatemala had been left open and that the main cemetery had not been restored. Below, you will find a few examples of notable Guatemalan earthquakes. Show us some love and support our work during this critical time with a small donation. 1773年グアテマラ地震(英語: 1773 Guatemala earthquake )は1773年 7月29日午後3時45分(現地時間)、 グアテマラ総督領 (英語版) を襲った地震 。 震央におけるマグニチュードは7.5 。 5月より始まった一連の地震であり、6月11日に強い前震が2度おき、7月の本震の後に余震が12月まで続いた 。 A lot of the supplies were sold to Honduras for a good profit. Explosive activity continues. The surrounding area that experienced at least a VII (very strong) intensity is believed to have been at least 13,000 square kilometers in size. Buildings in many different parts of Guatemala were damaged; not just in the epicentral zone. City officials would paint a black cross on buildings that were deemed insecure and had to be torn down or repaired for safety reasons, but contemporary reports show that a bribe of some hundred dollars were sufficient to get the house officially listed as repaired, allowing the owners to leave the building as it was, without actually fixing the issue. Fortunately, the walls in Palacio del Ayuntamiento are a meter thick, so it was barely damaged in the earthquake that destroyed Antigua. In some parts of the country, it took days before electricity and phone service came back. The maximum intensity was VII (very strong) on the Mercalli scale. ... when the earthquake occurred in 1773. Its cloisters and towers were in ruins, the walls were at dangerous angles and the "Casa de Ejercicios" was turned into rubble. In May 1773, a sequence of foreshocks started, a sequence that would lead up to a major event in late July. It was decided that they would not rebuild the city. The fact that this earthquake had occurred was largely forgotten, only to be rediscovered again from old documents in the 1990s. A large number of church buildings in southwestern Guatemala and eastern Chiapas, Mexico were severely damaged and quite a few of them were destroyed. The earthquake was strong enough to be felt in both Mexico and El Salvador. The 1976 Guatemala Earthquake occurred on 4 February at 03:01 local time, when most people were at home sleeping. The main shock was followed by thousands of aftershocks, including some large ones that caused addition destruction and even some fatalities. The heavy rains, typical of the season, contributed to the problem. The 1985 Uspantán earthquake was for instance only a 5.0 Mw shake, but still destroyed most buildings in the town Uspantán while leaving the rest of Guatemala unharmed. The King of Spain authorized moving the capital to its current location in the Ermita Valley, which is named after a Catholic church dedicated to the Virgen del Carmen. La Merced is one of the prettiest churches in the city, boasting intricate stucco … An earthquake destroyed Guatemala City in 1917–18, but it was rebuilt on the same site. The series of all these earthquakes is also referred to as the Santa Marta earthquakes as it had started on the feast day of Saint Martha. The article was based on a report cabled out of Guatemala on New Year’s Eve 1917. The Spanish Crown ordered (1776) the removal of the capital to a safer location, the Valley of the Shrine, where Guatemala City, the modern capital of Guatemala, now stands. was destroyed by earthquakes in 1773. Living Through Antigua’s 1773 Earthquake by Anders Bruihler / Nov 18, 2013 / My Spanish teacher Maria chatters on about the history of Antigua, Guatemala, the … Before the colonial authorities moved their headquarters in 1776, Antigua Guatemala had a population of roughly 60,000 people. See also By 1743 the cathedral was one of the largest in Central America. In May 1773, a sequence of foreshocks started, a sequence that would lead up to a major event in late July. Antigua has suffered several earthquakes over the years, but the one that nearly wiped out the town completely was the 7.5 magnitude Santa Marta earthquake in 1773. In 1976, another earthquake caused extensive damage to the city and its environs, resulting in more than 20,000 fatalities. With 39 confirmed deaths, this was the deadliest earthquake in Guatemala since 1976. (October 2007) Category 1717 Guatemala earthquake; 1751 earthquake; Santa Marta earthquake in 1773; 1917 Guatemala earthquake; 1976 Guatemala earthquake; Owner: Franciscans: Design and construction; Architect: Diego de Porres History. © 2020 AntiguaDailyPhoto.Com »» Developed by Rudy Giron ««. A lot of Catholic religious staff in the city died. In July 1773, a 7.5 magnitude earthquake hit Antigua Guatemala, which had served as the colonial capital of Central America for 200 years. These two are major tectonic processes and they have produced secondary fault zones such as the faults of Mixco, Santa Catarina, and Japatagua. With each new shake, additional buildings collapsed. This new capital, Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, is still the capital of Guatemala and also the most populous city in Central America. The epicenter was at 13.78°N 90.91°W, which is in the sea just off Guatemala’s Pacific coast. Main entrance to the church property. It was once the third largest Spanish colony in the Americas and more than 30 monastic orders built their impressive monasteries, convents, and cathedrals in the city. The Inter-American Highway was partly destroyed. The Spanish authorities had discussed moving their colonial headquarter after the 1717 earthquake, and now these plans were revived because of the 1773 disaster. The maximal intensity was never more than VI (strong) on the Mercalli scale. It has remained in Guatemala City ever since. The worst hit zone was the west-central highlands of Guatemala. The epicenter was at 15.32°N 89.10°W, which is in the northeastern part of the country. This 6.7 Mw earthquake occurred on 13 June at 13:29 local time. La Merced Church. A landslide occurred along the Inter-American Highway, but it was only a minor one. Founded in 1527, Antigua Guatemala survived many natural disasters until an earthquake destroyed most of the city in 1773, according to UNESCO. The main event on 19 April was preceded by three months of preshocks, and afterwards aftershocks occurred for over two weeks. However, Antigua was destroyed by several earthquakes in 1773–1774 and the capital was moved again! Rather than just one main event, this was a sequence of earthquakes that occurred from 17 November 1917 through 24 January 1918. 11 June brought two strong foreshocks, and then the main event – an earthquake estimated to have had a magnitude of 7.5 Mi – occurred on 29 July, at 15:45 local time. In 1776, after the Santa Marta earthquakes, the Spanish Crown finally ordered the capital to be moved to a safer location, in the Valle de la Ermita (Valley of the Shrine), where Guatemala City, the modern capital of Guatemala, now stands. Another way of putting it, skip your Starbucks purchase one day this month and support AntiguaDailyPhoto. Many of them had been weakened by previous shakes before they finally went down, with the walls collapsing and the roof falling in. Antigua (then known as Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala) was at that time the colonial capital of Central America. The epicenter was at 15.5°N 91.5°W in northwestern Guatemala. On 12 January 1918, an article in the French magazine L’Illustration reported that about 2,000 people had been killed and roughly 200,000 people had become homeless in Ciudad de Guatemala. By the church La Merced in the capital, the earthquakes broke the tombs and mummified bodies fell out. Some shakes were described as sideways shakes, while others moved the ground up and down. Average horizontal displacement along the Motagua fault was 100 cm, with a maximum displacement of 326 cm. La Antigua Guatemala is among the best preserved colonial cities in the world. Spanish authorities had already considered moving the capital to a safer area after the devastation of the 1717 earthquake and decided after the 1773 event not to rebuild the city again. ... on the streets. Antigua Guatemala Cathedral is a Roman Catholic church in Antigua Guatemala, Guatemala. Antigua Guatemala Earthquakes Throughout its history the city now known as Antigua Guatemala was repeatedly damaged by earthquakes, and always rebuilted, bigger and better. Following this disaster, the capital was moved to its current site at Guatemala City, but the ruins (and some of the people) of Antigua stayed put. Las ruinas de La Recolección still stand as they were left after the earthquake of July 29, 1773, thus the ruins served as testimony and document of the powerful forces the quakes of Santa Marta. The epicenter was at 13.987°N 91.965°W, which is in the Pacific Ocean, roughly 35 km south of Champerico, a port and beach town in the Retalhuleu department in southwestern Guatemala. The main event in late July was followed by numerous aftershocks throughout the rest of the year 1773. However, the devastating 1773 Guatemala earthquake … Thanks! In some areas with high seismic intensity, the soil liquefied and sand boils could be seen. This city was destroyed by several earthquakes in 1773–1774. It was followed by numerous aftershocks which lasted until December 1773. One of the individual shakes that we know the most about was the one that occurred on Christmas Day. The series of all these earthquakes is also referred to as the Santa Marta earthquakes as it had started on the feast day of Saint Martha. Thus in 1776 the capital was moved to the new city of Guatemala of Asuncion, known today as today Guatemala City. Damage to buildings occurred in various part of the country, including the capital Ciudad de Guatemala and the second-largest city Quetzaltenango (Xelajú), as well as communities the departments San Marcos, Sololá, Quiché, Totonicapán, and Huehuetenango. Throughout the 20th century, many urban planners had assumed that this region of Guatemala was relatively safe from seismological activity and that major earthquakes did not happen here. The city was reestablished a year later and endured for more than two centuries until disaster struck once again. In Antigua Guatemala, some high-profile constructions were damaged, including the Palacio de Los Capitanes Generales. A small number of houses were destroyed, and some additional ones damaged, along the southern coast. Locally in Guatemala, this was at 17:37 in the evening of 6 August. Some buildings were not damaged by the shake itself, but by the debris that came crashing down from structures collapsing nearby. However, the devastating 1773 Guatemala earthquake seriously damaged much of the building, though the two towers at the front remained largely intact. Contemporary sources describe that as soon as the earthquake started, the sky cleared up, and no more rain fell for approximately three weeks. It was a very shallow earthquake with a depth of just 5 km. Many different buildings were affected, including churches and bell towers. As a comparison, the 7.9 Mw strong but 60 km deep earthquake of 1942 caused much less damage. It was followed by numerous aftershocks which lasted until December 1773. (source: Wikipedia). The Guatemala City General Cemetery was completely destroyed in never fully restored.

guatemala earthquake 1773

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