Sonitha Poernomo, Jakarta: +62 811 8519273. Mangrove, any of certain shrubs and trees that grow in dense thickets or forests along tidal estuaries, in salt marshes, and on muddy coasts and that characteristically have prop roots—i.e., exposed supporting roots. Globally, mangroves are being lost at a rate that is three to four times higher than the average rate of forest loss. It is important for government agencies to recognize the importance of CBMM initiatives, as the value provided by the mangroves like coastal protection and erosion control minimizes investment on expensive civil engineering projects, thus making mangroves an economically viable solution. Therefore, mangrove conservation in China plays an important role in biodiversity conservation of the world's mangrove forests. The term ‘mangrove’ also applies to thickets and forests of such plants. Indonesia is used to be known to have the largest mangrove area in the world, as vast as 3.556 million hectares, according to the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. Jubi/Tempo/Engel Wally. State agencies modified legislation and allocated financial assistance to local communities. A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.The term is also used for tropical coastal vegetation consisting of such species. Mangrove forest has 3-5 times more capability in absorbing carbon monoxide compared to tropical forest. In 2012 a conservation agreement was signed between Conservation International and Afro-Colombian communities to maintain 12,000 hectares of mangroves. The dual aim of CBMM is the ongoing conservation of mangroves and generation of sustainable livelihood. The major motivation for management was increased timber and charcoal production, ignoring ecological benefits of mangrove forests. Although government and agencies have been conducting the reforestation projects for many years, the ecological perspective is still absent from these projects. Align with Chevron’s value, “protecting people and the environment”, PT CPI is committed in supporting MERA program. And it is everyone’s responsibility to join the force, including local and national government, state-owned corporations, private sector companies, and non-government organizations. WHY INNOVATIVE? Building community capacity for sustainable mangrove management. , With a high success rate, Thailand adopted CBMM programs in 1980s. Together with YKAN and Riau Provincial Government, we plan to replicate the mangrove ecosystem conservation program, which is now currently underway in Jakarta Bay are, in the mangrove area of Dumai and Bengkalis, Riau. From onshore oil fields in Riau, Sumatra we have produced more than 11 billion barrels of oil to meet the energy needs of Indonesia's growing economy. Deputy for Coordination of Environment and Forestry Management at the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Investment, Nani Hendiarti, met … Thus, saving and conserving mangrove ecosystem is critical in fighting climate change. Community Based Mangrove Management (CBMM) is a sustainable approach for conserving the rapidly disappearing mangrove forests. The MERA program is currently underway in Suaka Margasatwa Muara Angke (SMMA), or Muara Angke Wildlife area. Under the agreement, the community agreed to carry out sustainable harvesting of the mollusks, and women will carry out daily monitoring and data collection activities. Mangrove Action Project (MAP) is a US-based nonprofit which collaborates with individuals and organizations at all levels to preserve, conserve, and restore our world’s mangrove forests. The major reason for the success of CBMM in Thailand is the voluntary participation of locals in the program which were further strengthened by support of suitable technologies. He started out by observing healthy mangroves around Tampa Bay as a graduate student in the late 1960s. During. The duties for conservation and protection of mangrove are shared jointly by the government-run forest department and the communities. Hence, ecological, economic and social sustainability need to be considered for the holistic success of CBMM programs. During MERA Media EXPOSÈ, an event held on May 23 in Jakarta, YKAN introduced its partners. Nicknamed the “walking tree,” the red mangrove’s tangled roots do indeed look as if they could prowl about the hall. ... mapping application, or "app." The RESEX approach to co-management has actually worked towards mangrove conservation by working to improve social and economic problems in the communities. This project protects mangroves, which trap more CO 2 than any other … We’ve lost 50% of the world’s mangroves just in the past half century, and if current trends continue, the remaining mangroves could be gone within the next 100 years. In return they will get daily wages and development of local community infrastructure. Walking through the Mangrove Tunnel at The Florida Aquarium’s Wetlands Trail exhibit, visitors couldn’t be blamed for believing the bizarre surroundings were sculpted for dramatic effect. Roughly 30 percent of mangrove deforestation and coastal land-use change in Southeast Asia has been attributed to aquaculture, especially shrimp farming. The primary function of CBMM initiatives is identification of sustainable management methodologies. Aside from PT CPI, since it was launched in July 2018, the MERA program is also supported by Asia Pulp & Paper (APP/Sinar Mas), Indofood Sukses Makmur and, soon, Djarum Foundation will join the alliance. The government is no longer recognized as primary steward - involvement of communities and their traditional knowledge is being appreciated and promoted. , Tanzania started CBMM programming in 1990s with moderate success. The dense canopy adds to the weird effect. MERA’s work program is based on scientific assessment which serves as a guideline in developing the mangrove forest master plan restoration. Anthropogenic and climatic factors are threatening this valuable ecosystem which makes conservation and management of mangroves of prime importance. Traditionally local communities managed the mangroves but during the colonial and post-colonial periods these forests came under the control of state government which gave incentive to farming and other land use changes. The success is assessed by the awareness of community on the benefits offered by the mangroves and the initial investment of capital and labor is determined by the communities themselves. A hectare of mangrove forest can absorb approximately 1,000 tons of carbon monoxide. Furthermore, you will contribute towards the sustained development of the local community, in the form of teaching English as well as several other community based programs. A study on offshore restoration master plan in both areas has started earlier this year and it is expected to be completed by end of year. event held on May 23 in Jakarta, YKAN introduced its partners. Mangrove forests are some of the world’s most valuable coastal ecosystems—and they’re being destroyed at an alarming rate. Under this program logging permits are provided by CFMGs with a control in logging activity (Chotthong and Aksornkoae, 2006). For example, offering better education as a way to help decrease poverty by allowing people in the community to get better jobs. Chevron is one of the world's leading integrated energy companies and through its Indonesian subsidiaries, including PT Chevron Pacific Indonesia, has been present in Indonesia for 95 years. This project can be an example of a community outreach program in Cambodia since no conservation or management activities were undertaken in the country during Khmer Rouge Regime (1975 1979).. Under the program, we established community mangrove nursery and Friends of Tanjung Surat Mangrove Forest (FTSMF). WWF has been working around the world on mangrove conservation and restoration efforts for decades, from coastal mangrove conservation in the Galapagos Islands and Indonesia to mangrove restoration efforts in Pakistan. "Functionality of restored mangroves: A review", "Participatory appraisal for potential community-based mangrove management in East Africa", "Saving the Commons: Community Involvement in the Management of Mangrove and Fisheries Resources of Chwaka Bay, Zanzibar", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Community_Based_Mangrove_Management&oldid=950445602, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 April 2020, at 03:46. We are hopeful that the program implementation can begin in 2020,” said Wahyu Budiarto, Sr. Vice President Corporate Affairs. It is estimated that the city only has approximately 300 hectares of mangrove forest left. “We are proud to participate in the MERA program, partnering with YKAN and other major corporations, to support the Government of Indonesia’s program in environment protection and biodiversity conservation, in particular mangrove ecosystem conservation. ISME's orientation is more pro-mangrove conservation than those of the other organizations. Madagascar’s coastal communities stand to lose the most from the loss of mangrove habitats and, as the primary users of mangroves, are best placed to lead conservation initiatives. Some bene˜ciaries of our project.  One of the major obstacles in implementing the sustainable management mangroves is their undervaluation due to institutional failures. ... No mitigation measures had been undertaken to protect the area prior to the start of this Building With Nature project in 2015. MERA’s work program is based on scientific assessment which serves as a guideline in developing the mangrove forest master plan restoration. Date Approved: 05.2015. Primarily, the program focuses on the conservation of the mangrove plantation, a fundamental ingredient for the eco-system of today and of future generations. People use mangroves for fuel wood, construction material but these activities become unsustainable over time due to exploitation and over-utilization of mangroves and natural resources. It can be defined as community driven management and rehabilitation of mangrove forests involving resource users in the management process directly. The ‘Marvellous Mangroves’ (MM) training is an in-depth, hands-on, science-based conservation education program, which is taught not only to primary and secondary schoolchildren, but also to teachers themselves. PT Chevron Pacific Indonesia (PT CPI), along with several other corporations, supports magrove and its ecosystem conservation program initiated by Yayasan Konservasi Alam Nusantara (YKAN), an affiliation of the Nature Conservancy. Mangrove forests are some of the world’s most valuable coastal ecosystems—and they’re being destroyed at an alarming rate. Mangrove forests are a link between land and sea, and we can’t do without this essential ecosystem. They gather data that counts towards mangrove conservation. He noticed that whenever a mangrove tree died, mangrove seeds floating in the water arrived and took root in no time. In addition to this, mangrove habitats have given rise to a diversity of cultural and aesthetic effects for coastal communities. Due to complete control of government over these forests, local communities were alienated and started perceiving these forests as extra source of income. The USAID program provided funding to carry out this program through Community Forest Management Groups (CFMGs) and Coastal Resource Management Committees (CRMCs). Ironically, Indonesia has the fastest mangrove ecosystem destruction rate in the world. Mangrove ecosystem is considered as the most important ecosystem in the offshore area.