The olive tree was the sacred tree of goddess Athena and Athens, the capital of Greece, took its name from the goddess. Don’t panic! Young container-grown trees are very susceptible to frost damage during the first winter, so fall planting is more risky and should be done only in areas with little danger of temperatures below 30°F (-1.1°C). If you do want to buy an Olive tree make sure you ask the supplier for evidence that the tree has been tested for Xylella. Soil Types for Olive Trees. Olive trees grow slowly, especially in fall and winter, so avoid overwatering. To simulate this in the container garden, start with an average organic potting soil and then amend with additional perlite, or even better, a cup or two of small lava rocks. Olive trees are extremely tough and can withstand searing heat, drought, fire and temperatures as low as -7°C for short periods. Athena struck the bare soil with her spear and caused an olive tree to spring up. Plant your tree in a mix of potting soil and perlite or small rocks. Water. Olive trees are usually purchased in either 4- inch pots with numerous side branches and a height of 18-24 inches or in a 1-gallon pot with a single trunk and a height of 4-5 feet. They are semi-wild, hardy, tough plants that will tolerate poor growing conditions, especially low fertility, better than almost any other fruit tree. Soil Requirements. Look at where they grow around the Mediterranean. Most reach a full height of 25 to 30 feet. They have therefore historically been grown on marginal lands. Potted olive tree key facts. The application must be carried out as soon as the soil moisture allows fertilizer to dissolve. Olive trees are killed by poor drainage where saturated soil conditions exist in the root zone. The olive tree fertilizer in fall or autumn is usually done when the olive trees are very short of potassium or phosphorus. When grown in the proper climate and soil, olive trees grow about 3 feet in both height and width each year. Post Author. Without exception, olive trees require well-drained soil. The best thing to buy is nitrogen fertilizer for olive trees, considering it's a big need for olive tree growth rate and health. Deficiencies of trace elements are commonly associated with alkaline, lime-rich (calcareous) soils, where they are retained in an oxide form. Foliage – evergreen Harvest – September to December. Potted olive trees are a great idea to decorate a terrace or balcony.. The olive tree requires small amounts of boron, zinc, manganese, copper and molybdenum. Olive trees don’t often become deficient in phosphorus, potassium, or trace minerals, so the addition of these fertilizers is usually not needed at planting or later. The best time to start growing olive trees in containers is spring, after all threat of frost has passed. Reply . Well Draining Soil - When it comes to olive trees, soil fertility takes a backseat to drainage. Hi I am looking to plant a few olive trees on our acreage at Cambooya can you suggest what olive tree would be best for our black soil, frosts & hot summers. Mulching is best practice to ensure reduced water loss and weed suppression. For these reasons, the different Spanish regions have olive classes typical of their area.. The olive tree draws heavily on these calcium reserves in the major cell division stages (growth). Olive trees need soil with good drainage and a site with full sun, but they can grow in poor quality soils and need little fertilizer. An old potted olive planted in the middle of Patrick’s Patch since 2009 has survived temperatures of -15ºC over a few nights. The procedure for planting your olive tree in the ground is essentially the same as for re-potting it. Sandy soils are recommended for olive cultivation. Choose your site wisely, because fruitless olive trees can live for several hundreds of years. Olives. If you are adding any organic material (not necessary or recommended), mix it thoroughly with the native soil for back-fill. Olive trees are native to the Mediterranean, so they can tolerate dry air. I really admire Mediterranean plants because they have adapted over thousands of years to cope with extreme climatic conditions, poor soils and the effects of fire. If for a significant time, the withdrawal of calcium is higher than the depositing, the reserves are depleted and the tree will tend to have lower productivity. FERTILIZING OLIVE TREES Paul Vossen Nutrition is Less Important than Water Olive trees are not big feeders. Moderately salt tolerant, the trees can grow in coastal soils. In addition, olive varieties may be suitable for the production of table olives, olive oil or have good characteristics for both uses. Olive trees are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10. We cover climate, soil, watering, pruning and many other key aspects. Olive trees are known for being extremely drought tolerant and thriving in poor and stony soils, but it’s important to avoid allowing the soil to parch completely. How wide the foliage will grow affects spacing between the trees when planting. Caring, pruning and watering all take a part in letting potted olive trees grow well and bear olives. Olives require a well-drained soil that is not overly rich; keep compost use fairly restricted. Height – 3 to 10 feet (1 to 3 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – soil mix. Prepare the hole before removing the tree from its pot. The olive tree is one of the most widespread crops in the Mediterranean basin. How to Take Care of Olive Trees. Thank you. Plant it in drained and shredded soil, and avoid heavy and dense soil. This process breaks compacted, cemented, or textural layers that impede water movement within the soil profile. (And of course, make sure your container has plenty of drainage holes.) Olives grow best if they are fed throughout the growing season. Olive trees grow best in well-drained, nutrient-rich, alkaline soil with pH levels of 7.0 to 8.5. The olive tree is an evergreen that flourishes in hot dry areas, and as such, will not do well in wet winter soil. Now, over twenty years later, these trees in large planter tubs, are still growing and fruiting. Olives are planted into the pits that are approximately 50 cm (19.7 in) long/wide and 35 cm (13.8 in) deep. If growing an olive tree on heavy clay soil you should dig in plenty of gravel to prevent waterlogging the roots. The minimum acceptable nutrients rates after chemical leaf analysis are 1,5% for N, 0,1% for P and 0,5% for K. Nitrogen is the most important nutrient element when we grow olive tree for olive oil or table olives. These trees are well acclimated to growing in rocky soils with less than perfect nutrition. Choose a site with very well drained soil; olive trees don’t tolerate heavy, clayey soils and it must drain easily. Soils with 4 feet (1.2m) of uninterrupted profile do not usually require deep tillage. Potted trees will need to be watered more often than trees planted in the ground. Arbequina olive trees are low-maintenance, able to tolerate many different soil types, a range of sunlight, and able to withstand temperatures as low as 20 degrees Fahrenheit. Learn how to grow your own olives and olive tree with this step by step guide. Soil water availability is the major constraint to olive productivity. As the tree matures give tree roots a deep soaking so the water reaches down deep. Soil. We’ll share everything you need to know to grow Olea europaea, the tree beloved by ancient Greeks and Romans, and whose fruit has been popularized in the modern age by Italians, Greeks, and Spaniards.. What You’ll See When You Survey Your Orchard. A common corrective action in order to fix the soil pH before planting young olive trees is adding lime to the soil (consult your local licensed agronomist). Arbequina olive trees thrive in full sunlight, when they receive at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight per day. It is not necessary or even advisable to dig a hole several times larger than the root ball. Production on shallower soils will be disappointing, while trees on wet or waterlogged soils are susceptible to asphyxia and root diseases. WATERING. These cell division stages occur during vegetative growth and after flowering when the fruit develops. Placing a inch or two of styrofoam, gravel, or any other kind of filler on the bottom of the pot will keep the soil well drained. A southern exposure is ideal. If pH levels are low, supplement the soil with garden lime until the desired pH levels are reached and maintained. Dig the planting hole roughly the same size as the container. Olive trees like extremely well-draining, rocky soil. Plant your olive trees in soil that drains well. The olive requires a well drained, well aerated soil which has been prepared according to recommended guidelines to a depth of at least 80 cm before planting. Allow the soil to dry somewhat before watering, then water until the soil is soaked. The normal, healthy potted olive tree will need fertilizer twice a year, once in the spring and once mid-summer. Planting olive trees in the fall will get them settled in the soil and usually results in the best growth spurt the following spring, but frost can be a problem. The trees are good at adapting to harsh environmental conditions such as drought and infertile, stony and steep soils. For olive tree care outdoors, plant your olive tree where it will get a minimum of 6-8 hours of sun per day, and preferably full sun all day with plenty of light. What Type of Olive Trees to Plant.